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Confined Area Operations

confined area operations

confined area operations

confined area operations

Pilots will be taught to land in and take-off from confined areas using normal, steep or vertical approach and normal, maximum performance or vertical take-off techniques as appropriate to aircraft performance and the confined areas in use to the following standard:

  1. Conduct a high reconnaissance of the area to assess the size, shape, surface and slope of the site, the presence or otherwise of obstacles and the local wind speed.
  2. Make a sound approach and departure plan based on the shape of the site, obstacles and the wind speed and direction;
  3. Make a sound circuit plan;
  4. Conduct a low reconnaissance to confirm the observations of the high reconnaissance (may be conducted on final approach);
  5. Determine the need for and, if necessary, perform and accurate power check;
  6. Fly the planned circuit and approach accurately;
  7. Perform cockpit checks correctly;
  8. Maintain rate of descent and airspeed/groundspeed within safe limits;
  9. Establish a precise hover at the recommended hover height over the selected termination/touchdown point or continue approach and landing to the surface (if appropriate), with due consideration for the potential problems that may be caused by dust, sand or snow etc;
  10. Make a final assessment of the slope, nature of surface and possible obstacles on the termination/touchdown point before landing;
  11. Coordinate controls smoothly during the approach and landing;
  12. Conduct a ground reconnaissance including the provisions for a rejected take-off path and climb profile;
  13. Coordinate controls smoothly during the lift-off and to achieve the desired take-off path and climb profile;
  14. Maintain a good look-out throughout.
  15. Use of CRM to facilitate "backing into" a confined area.