Confined Area Operations
Pilots will be taught to land in and take-off from confined areas using normal, steep or vertical approach and normal, maximum performance or vertical take-off techniques as appropriate to aircraft performance and the confined areas in use to the following standard:
- Conduct a high reconnaissance of the area to assess the size, shape, surface and slope of the site, the presence or otherwise of obstacles and the local wind speed.
- Make a sound approach and departure plan based on the shape of the site, obstacles and the wind speed and direction;
- Make a sound circuit plan;
- Conduct a low reconnaissance to confirm the observations of the high reconnaissance (may be conducted on final approach);
- Determine the need for and, if necessary, perform and accurate power check;
- Fly the planned circuit and approach accurately;
- Perform cockpit checks correctly;
- Maintain rate of descent and airspeed/groundspeed within safe limits;
- Establish a precise hover at the recommended hover height over the selected termination/touchdown point or continue approach and landing to the surface (if appropriate), with due consideration for the potential problems that may be caused by dust, sand or snow etc;
- Make a final assessment of the slope, nature of surface and possible obstacles on the termination/touchdown point before landing;
- Coordinate controls smoothly during the approach and landing;
- Conduct a ground reconnaissance including the provisions for a rejected take-off path and climb profile;
- Coordinate controls smoothly during the lift-off and to achieve the desired take-off path and climb profile;
- Maintain a good look-out throughout.
- Use of CRM to facilitate "backing into" a confined area.